Phoenician inscriptions have been found in sites at a number of former Phoenician cities and colonies around the Mediterranean, such as Byblos. Oral literature of the Saurashtrans. At more than 1. It was only towards the end of the 18th century that European merchants and colonists began to refer to the followers of Indian religions collectively as Hindus. Occupationally, the Saurashtrians may be classified broadly as priests , merchants and weavers. At Upanayana ceremony of Nepalis. They ruled the eastern Andhra country along the Krishna river during the half of the second century CE. A satin weave , common for silk , each warp thread floats over 16 weft threads.

With his own efforts he travelled abroad which brought prosperity to himself and to the community in general. Merchants were those who bought and sold goods while landowners who sold their own produce were not considered to be merchants, being a landowner was a respectable occupation. Parasurama threw his axe across the sea, and the water receded as far as it reached, according to legend, this new area of land extended from Gokarna to Kanyakumari. Pictured is Tidel Park in Chennai. On a conventional loom, the thread is carried on a pirn. Amaravati might have been a centre for the Mauryan rule.

Since the s, those influences and its outcomes have been the topic of debate among scholars of Hinduism, Hinduism as it is commonly known can be subdivided into a number of major currents 6.

A third inscription in Kanheri Caves refers to a Dhamila-gharini, in the Buddhist Jataka story known as Akiti Jataka there is a mention to Damila-rattha. Surya in the Buddhist Skurashtra Gaya relief right, middle.

The widely studied Manusmriti, for example, states, Except during a time of adversity and he should gather wealth just sufficient for his subsistence through irreproachable activities that are specific to him, without fatiguing his body.

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Several historians believe that it was Saurashtrian textile merchants who introduced idly to South India during the 10th and 12th centuries. Ancient texts describing community-oriented Vedic 20133 rituals mention four to five priests, the hotar, the adhvaryu, the udgatar, the functions associated with the priests were, The Hotri recites invocations and litanies drawn from the Rigveda.


The method in which these threads are inter woven affects the characteristics of the cloth, cloth is usually woven on a loom, a device that holds the warp threads in place while filling threads are woven through them. Their Language, Literature, and Culture.

Among the Saurashtrians, attaining puberty was the greatest event in a girl’s life. The region has been a prominent spice exporter since BCE, the Chera Dynasty was the first prominent kingdom based in Kerala, though it frequently struggled against attacks by the neighbouring Cholas and Pandyas. The 20th century was a century that began on January 1, and ended on December 31, In rare cases when the sacred thread ceremony was not held in the young ages, it would be performed at the time of marriage.

Retrieved from ” https: According to Hindu mythology, the lands of Kerala were recovered from the sea by the warrior sage Parasurama. In the agricultural sector, coconut, tea, coffee, cashew, the states coastline extends for kilometres, and around 1. Marriage within common gotra is strictly prohibited among them.

The Romans defined merchants or traders in a narrow sense. He was the music director for the film “Bala Parikshai”. The religion defies our desire to define and categorize it, Hinduism has been variously defined as a religion, a religious tradition, a set of religious beliefs, and a way of life. A satin weavecommon for silkeach warp thread floats over 16 weft threads.

A Pilgrimage Through Various Mlvie. These rituals are carried out by the eldest son of the deceased. On 2 Junethe portion of the state was bifurcated to form a new state of Telangana. These were also the first kingdoms to use Kannada in administration, as evidenced by the Halmidi inscription, the Western Chalukyas patronised a unique style of architecture and Kannada literature which became a precursor to the Hoysala art of 12th century.

The Voyduns vaidyas and Bhoutuls panditsjoshis and kavis also ranked with Voyduns and had their honours on all important occasions, and they are placed in the same rank with the elders. The peepal tree twig in his right hand marks his entry into the Brahmacharya stage of life.


Amaravathi became a trade and pilgrimage centre during the Satavahana rule. Karnataka is a state in the south western region of India.

The office of the Soulins is to make enquiries, and try all cases connected with the community, and to abide by the decision of the chiefs.

The Saurashtrian cuisine is famous for its mixed rice dishes that includes puliyotharai tamarind ricetomato rice with a hint of cinnamonkalkandu sugar candy rice, sakkarai pongal [48] a dessert made of cotton seed milk [48] and lemon rice. Pictured is Tidel Park in Chennai.

Colours of India — Silk yarn waiting to be made into sari s, Kanchipuram. Mahadevan claimed that the find was evidence of the use of the Harappan language, the date of the celt was estimated at between BCE and BCE.

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He was 91 years old at the time of his death. The culture is a synthesis of Aryan and Dravidian cultures, developed over millennia, under influences from other parts of India, the production of pepper and natural rubber contributes significantly to the total national output.

The word Cheral refers to the oldest known dynasty of Kerala kings and is derived from the Proto-Tamil-Malayalam word for lake, the earliest Sanskrit text to mention Kerala is the Aitareya Aranyaka of the Rigveda.

In this false-color ultraviolet image, the Sun shows a C3-class solar flare white area on upper lefta solar tsunami wave-like structure, upper right and multiple filaments of plasma following a magnetic field, rising from the stellar surface. In this capacity he strove hard to raise the prestige and position of his community.